# Previous year question paper for EME (B-TECH electronics and communication engineering 1st-2nd)

## Elements of mechanical engineering

### Previous year question paper with solutions for Elements of mechanical engineering from 2005 to 2019

Our website provides solved previous year question paper for Elements of mechanical engineering from 2005 to 2019. Doing preparation from the previous year question paper helps you to get good marks in exams. From our EME question paper bank, students can download solved previous year question paper. The solutions to these previous year question paper are very easy to understand.

# PART-A

1. Basic Concepts of Thermodynamics (08)

Definition of thermodynamic: Need to study thermodynamics; Application areas of thermodynamic; Difference between Microscopic (or, Statistical) thermodynamics and Macroscopic(or, Classical) thermodynamics; Brief concept of continuum; Thermodynamic System : definition, types (Open, Closed and Isolated) and their examples; Thermodynamic System Boundary : definition, types and their examples; Surroundings; Control(fixed) mass and Control Volume concept and their example ; Thermodynamic State; Thermodynamic Property: definition, types citing their examples; condition for any quantity to be a property; State postulate; Thermodynamic equilibrium (which includes Thermal, Mechanical and Chemical equilibrium etc.); Thermodynamic path; Thermodynamic process: definition, concept of reversible process, quasi-static (or, quasi-equilibrium) process, irreversible process, conditions for reversibility and how these are met with, non-flow processes and flow processes, method of representation of reversible and irreversible process on property diagrams; Cyclic process; Thermodynamic Cycle: definition and its concept; Energy and its forms (microscopic and macroscopic); Physical insight to internal energy; Energy transfer across system boundary i.e. transient energies (heat and work); Difference between heat and work; Sign conventions for heat and work interactions; heat and work as path functions; Equality of Temperature and Zeroth law of Thermodynamics.

2. First Law of Thermodynamics and its applications (12)

Definition, essence and corollaries or consequences of first law of Thermodynamics; Expressions for First law of Thermodynamics for a control mass undergoing a Cycle and for process (i.e., a change in state of a control mass) ; Concept of Enthalpy and total energy and differentiation between the two - a thermodynamic property; Compressible and incompressible substances, Specific heats, Difference between Internal Energy and Enthalpy of compressible and incompressible substances; Representation of first law of thermodynamics as rate equation; Analysis of non-flow/ flow process for a control mass undergoing constant volume, constant pressure, constant temperature, adiabatic and polytropic processes; Free Expansion Process and its examples, its representation on Property diagram; Review of concepts of control volume; Expressions of first law of thermodynamics for a control volume (i.e. open system) ; Steady State Steady Flow process and its examples; First law analysis of Steady State Flow process e.g. isochoric, isobaric, isothermal, isentropic and polytropic process; Throttling process and its applications; Flow energy or inertial energy of flowing fluids or, Energy transport by mass; Application of Steady State Flow Energy Equation to various engineering devices.

3. Second Law of Thermodynamics (16)

Limitations of first law of thermodynamics; and how 2nd law is fully able to explain away and thus overcome those shortcomings of Ist law; Thermal Reservoirs, source and sink (Low temperature and high temperatures); Heat Engine, Heat Pump and Refrigerator: definitions, working, efficiency/performance and their real life examples. Justification as to why the actual efficiency of Heat Pump and Refrigerator shall also be ≤ 100% though on the face of it seems to be more than 100%; Various statements of Second Law of Thermodynamics and their equivalence; Philosophy of Carnot cycle and its consequences viz. how each of the individual four  processes constituting the cycle contribute in optimizing the output and efficiency of the cycle; Carnot Engine, Carnot Refrigerator and Carnot Heat Pump: definitions, working, efficiency/performance and Limitations of the cycle; Carnot theorem for heat engines, refrigerators and heat pumps; derivation of Carnot efficiency/COP (which seems to be more than 100%); Thermodynamic Temperature Scale; Clausius theorem and Inequality; Philosophy and concept of entropy; Entropy changes during various processes; Temperature - Entropy Chart and representation of various processes on it; Principle of Increase of Entropy; Applications of Entropy Principle; Quality of Energy viz. high and low grade energies; Degradation of Energy; Third Law of Thermodynamics.

# PART-B

4. Gas Power Cycles (12)

Introduction; Concept and philosophy of Air Standard Cycle alongwith associated assumptions and advantages; Air Standard Efficiency; Nomenclature of reciprocating piston-cylinder arrangement with basic definitions such as swept volume, clearance volume, compression ratio, mean effective pressure etc; Otto Cycle (or constant volume heat addition cycle), Diesel cycle (or constant pressure heat addition cycle) and Dual cycle (Mixed or Composite or Limited Pressure cycle) with their representation on P-V and T-S charts, their Air-standard (thermal) Efficiencies; Brayton Cycle, Comparison of Otto, Diesel and Dual cycle under some defined similar parametric conditions; Introduction to heat engines; Merits of I.C. Engines and their important applications, Classification and constructional features of I.C. Engines; working of two stroke and four stroke Petrol and Diesel engines and their comparison.

5. Engineering Materials (05)

Materials and Civilization, Materials and Engineering, Classification of Engineering Materials, Mechanical Properties of Materials: elasticity, plasticity, strength, ductility, brittleness, melleability, toughness, resilience, hardness, machinability, formability, weldability. Properties, Composition, and Industrial Applications of materials: metals (ferrous- cast iron, tool steels, stainless steels and non ferrous- Aluminum, brass, bronze ), polymers (natural and synthetic , thermoplastic and thermosetting), ceramics (glass, optical fibre glass, cements), composites ( fibre reinforced, metal matrix), smart materials (piezoelectric, shape memory, thermochromic, photochromic, magnetorheological), Conductors, Semiconductors and insulators, Organic and Inorganic materials. Selection of materials for engineering applications.

6. Centroid, Centre of Gravity and Moment of Inertia: (08)

Difference between centre of gravity and centroid. Determination of position of centroid of plane geometric figures of I, U, H, L, T, C, Circular and Triangular Sections. Centroid of Composite Areas. Determination of position of Centre of Gravity (CG) of regular solids viz. Right Circular Cone, Solid Hemisphere, thin Hollow Hemisphere. Area moment of inertia & mass moment of inertia, Polar moment of inertia, Parallel axes Theorem (or transfer formula), Perpendicular axes Theorem, Radius of gyration, determination of area Moment of Inertia of I, U, H, L, T, C, Circular and Triangular Sections along various axes. Mass moment of Inertia of Circular Ring, Disc, Cylinder, Sphere and Cone about their axis of symmetry and other axes.

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