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Syllabus

PART A

1. Spectroscopy and its Applications:

An introduction UV/Visible Spectroscopy: Selection rules; Line widths and intensity of spectral lines; Principle and instrumentation; Electronic Transitions; Chromophores & auxochromes; Factors affecting λMax & intensity of spectral lines; Franck-Condon principle; Applications. IR Spectroscopy: Principle and instrumentation; Vibrational frequency; Fundamental modes of vibrations and types; Anharmonics; Factors affecting vibrational frequency; Applications. NMR Spectroscopy: Principle & instrumentation; Chemical shift; Spin-Spin Splitting; High-resolution NMR spectrum (PMR only). (7)

2. Photochemistry:

Introduction; Photo-physical & photochemical processes; Light sources in photochemistry; Beer-Lambert Law; Laws of Photochemistry; Quantum yield (primary and overall); Primary and secondary photochemical reactions; Jablonski diagram; Semiconductor photochemistry, Photovoltaic cells, Introduction to optical sensors, Introduction to supra-molecular photochemistry. (5)

3. Water and its Treatment:

Boiler feed water: Specification, Scales and sludge fermentation; Priming & foaming; Different methods of the water purifications and softening; Desalination of water; Water for domestic use: Specification; Disinfection of water.

4. Green Chemistry and its Applications:

Introductory overview - Definition and concepts of Green chemistry; Emergence of Green chemistry; Twelve principles of Green Chemistry with emphasis on the use of alternative feedstock (biofuels); Use of innocuous reagents in natural processes; Alternative solvents; Design of the safer chemicals; Designing alternative reaction methodology. Microwave and ultrasonic radiation in Green synthesis - Minimizing energy consumption. (4)

PART B

5. Corrosion and its Prevention:

Introduction; Different types of corrosion - Wet and Dry corrosion; Different types of surface films; Mechanisms of wet corrosion; Galvanic corrosion; Galvanic Series; Concentration cell corrosion and differential aeration corrosion; Soil and microbial corrosions; waterline, stress corrosions; Various methods of corrosion control. (5)

6. Polymers and Reinforced Composites:

Introduction; Functionality; Types of polymerization; Specific features of polymers; Structures - regularity and irregularity; Tacticity of polymers; Average molecular weights and size; Determination of molecular weight by number average method; Effect of molecular weight on the properties of polymers; Introduction to polymer reinforced composite. (5)

7. Nanochemistry:

Introduction; Materials self-assembly; Molecular vs. materials self-assembly; Self-assembling materials; Two-dimensional assemblies; Mesoscale self-assembly; Coercing colloids; Nanocrystals; Supramolecular structures; Nanoscale materials; Future perspectives. (5)

8. Petrochemicals:

Introduction; First, second & third generation petrochemicals; Primary Raw Materials for Petrochemicals. Natural gas: Natural gas treatment processes; Natural gas liquids; Properties of natural gas; Crude oil: Composition of crude oil- Hydrocarbon compounds; Non-hydrocarbon compounds; Metallic Compounds, Crude oil classification; Physical separation processes; Conversion processes; Production of ethylene and propylene

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