• Concept and value of biodiversity
• Levels of biodiversity species, eco and genetic.
• Balance in nature.
• Biodiversity for sustenance of mankind.
• Resource limitation.
• Ecological role of biodiversity.
• Interdependence among different species.
• India as a mega diversity nation.
• Economic potential of biodiversity.
• Loss of biodiversity- threatened, endangered and extinct.
• Strategies for conservation of biodiversity in situ and exsitu.
• Mitigating the people- wildlife conflict.
Unit-II Environmental Management
• Need for environment management vis-a-vis development.
• Aspects of environmental management-ethical, economic, technological and social.
• Legal provisions for environmental management.
• Approaches for environmental management- economic policies, environmental indicators, setting of standards, information exchange and surveillance.
• Problem of stubble and its management ( study material upload on website)
Unit-III Sustainable Development
• Concept of sustainable development.
• Concept of sustainable consumption.- 20 -
• Need for sustainable development for improving the quality of life for the present and future.
• Challenges for sustainable development-political and administrative will, dynamic and flexible polices, appropriate technologies, comprehensive review and revision mechanism, human approach.
• Development of skilled manpower.
• Role of individual and community.
• Role of nationa and international agencies( both governmental and non- governmental)
Unit-IV Sustainable Agriculture
• Need for sustainable agriculture.
• Green revolution-impact on environment.
• Importance of soil for crops, Irrigation systems, use of manure and fertilizers.
• Crop protection-major plant pests and diseases (wheat, rice, cotton, sugarcane, potato), measures for their controlagrochemicals.
• Impact of agrochemicals on environment.
• Elements of sustainable agriculture-mixed farming, mixed cropping, crop rotation, biological and economic consideration, use of biofertilizers and bio pesticides, biological pest control, integrated pest management.
• Application of biotechnology in crop improvement.
• Management of agricultural produces- storage, preservation, transportation and processing.
Unit-V Environmental Actions
• Meeting basic human need, food, water, shelter and fuel for all.
• Population control
• Changing consumption patterns.
• Prevention and control of environmental pollution.
• Waste management- reduce, reuse and recycle;
• Community movement for ecological restoration and conservation of environment like joint forest Management (JFM),student's participation in tree rearing, social and agro- forestry.
• Drugs-ill effects(Part-II) Consequences of use of different dugs, The narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances Act-1985 offences as penalties.(study material uploaded on website)